Wednesday, May 18, 2011

1827 New Orleans' Quadroon Women

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Frances Trollope, Domestic Manners of the Americans. Written during her stay in America, 1827-1831

Quadroon Women in New Orleans, Louisiana. December 1827.

Our stay in New Orleans was not long enough to permit our entering into society, but I was told that it contained two distinct sets of people, both celebrated, in their way, for their social meetings and elegant entertainments.

The first of these is composed of Creole families, who are chiefly planters and merchants, with their wives and daughters; these meet together, eat together, and are very grand and aristocratic; each of their balls is a little Almack's, and every portly dame of the set is as exclusive in her principles as a lady patroness.

The other set consists of the excluded but amiable Quadroons, and such of the gentlemen of the former class as can by any means escape from the high places, where pure Creole blood swells the veins at the bare mention of any being tainted in the remotest degree with the Negro stain.

Female Quadroon (Quadroon, a name given to the offspring of a mulatto and a white.)

Of all the prejudices I have ever witnessed, this appears to me the most violent, and the most inveterate. Quadroon girls, the acknowledged daughters of wealthy American or Creole fathers, educated with all of style and accomplishments which money can procure at New Orleans, and with all the decorum that care and affection can give exquisitely beautiful, graceful, gentle, and amiable, these are not admitted, nay, are not on any terms admissible, into the society of the Creole families of Louisiana.

They cannot marry, that is to say, no ceremony can render an union with them legal or binding; yet such is the powerful effect of their very peculiar grace, beauty, and sweetness of manner, that unfortunately they perpetually become the objects of choice and affection. If the Creole ladies have privilege to exercise the awful power of repulsion, the gentle Quadroon has the sweet but dangerous vengeance of possessing that of attraction. The unions formed with this unfortunate race are said to be often lasting and happy, as far as any unions can be so, to which a certain degree of disgrace is attached.
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3 comments:

nclovely1 said...

If you are at all interested in this period of history or New Orleans society around the turn of the 19th century, please read _Island Under the Sea_ by Isabel Allende. It's a fascinating book.

Barbara said...

Thank you for the reccomendation.

Anonymous said...

The view from Rampart street, and the Kitchen House also introduce New Orlean's "placage."