Tuesday, February 22, 2011

A Few Portraits of Women by Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885)

.Sarah Miriam Peale was a daughter of artist James Peale, brother of artist Charles Willson Peale, who both taught her to paint. As a young girl, she assisted her father & her sister, Anna Claypoole Peale, with fabric painting of shawls.

Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Artist's Self-Portrait 1818 Detail
Sarah Miriam Peale started her solo art career in 1816, with still life subjects but soon turned to portraiture, which brought her lifelong acclaim. Lafayette sat for her 4 times.
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Anna Maria Smyth 1821
In 1818 & 1820, she spent time in Baltimore with Rembrandt Peale, her cousin, who influenced both her painting style & choice of subject matter. For 25 years, she painted in Baltimore (1822-47) & intermittently, in Washington, D.C.
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Cornelia Mandeville 1830

She lived & painted in St. Louis, Missouri, for about 30 years (1847-77); but returned to Philadelphia, where she died in 1885. Sarah Miriam Peale never married & supported herself with sale of her paintings.

Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Eleanor Smith Gittings, c. 1830
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Mrs William Crane 1840
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Mrs. Charles Ridgely Carroll (Rebecca Ann Pue) 1822

Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Mrs. Rubens Peale and Son, 1823
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Patience Cole Cortland c 1840
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Self-Portrait 1830
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Susan Avery, 1821
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Veiled Woman 1830
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Monday, February 21, 2011

American Miniaturists the Goodridge Sisters, Daniel Webster, Whigs, & a Daring Miniature

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Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self-Portrait c 1825

Miniaturitst Sarah Goodridge (or sometimes Goodrich, 1788-1853) was born the 6th of 9 children in Massachusetts in 1788. It is said that as a child, she came across a book on drawing & painting & taught herself to draw. Growing up on a farm, with little money to buy paper, she drew her earliest pictures on the sanded kitchen floor with a stick or on sheets of peeled birch bark with a pin. Sarah's younger sister Eliza Goodridge (1798-1882) may have found the same book, as she also painted miniatures.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self Portrait 1830

After the death of their father, Sarah moved to Boston, to live with her sister Eliza. There Sarah was able to expand her birch-bark-beginning by taking a few lessons from a miniaturist & by visiting portraitist Gilbert Stuart for advice. She soon began earning a living by painting miniature portraits. By 1830, Sarah Goodridge was a leading miniaturist in Boston, completing up to 3 portraits a week; supporting her sick mother & her orphaned niece; & maintianing a studio there. The Boston Athenaeum held 5 exhibitions of her work between 1827 & 1835. She never married, but she achieved a more prominent legacy in history than her sister Eliza by her gift to an intimate, influential friend.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Daniel Webster 1825

She developed an ongoing love relationship with Boston lawyer & politician Daniel Webster (1782-1852), who was married with 3 children, when she painted his 1st portrait. He returned to sit for 12 more portraits over the next 25 years. Their friendship is documented in 44 letters that Webster wrote to Goodridge between 1827 & 1851. She carefully preserved his letters to her; he destroyed her letters to him. His first wife, Grace, died in January, 1828; & he married Caroline LeRoy in December, 1829.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Beauty Revealed Inscribed 1828 & presented to Daniel Webster

After Webster’s 1st wife died, Goodridge painted for her beloved a daring miniature self-portrait of her bare breasts naming it Beauty Revealed. Webster may have been appreciative of her gift, but he was an ambitious man who needed money to fuel his conservative political ambitions. He chose his new wife from a wealthy & prominent family. Sarah Goodrich twice traveled to Washington to carry out commissions for her longtime, self-promoting confidant Daniel Webster. As for the miniature Beauty Revealed, Webster kept it hidden among his personal effects until the day he died. Today it is on display for all the world to see in the permanent collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self Portrait Painting a Miniature 1845

In 1850, due to failing eyesight, Sarah Goodridge retired to a house she bought in Reading, Massachusetts. Three years later she died of a stroke at the age of 65. Her sister Eliza lived until 1882.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Girl Called Persis, Child of Mrs Solomon Sargent

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Sarah Appleton with Cat

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Lydia Stiles Foster (1806-87) c 1838

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1807-1872) c 1825

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Stiles Newcomb (1807-1872) c 1840

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Rebecca Faulkner Foster (1761-1834) c 1830

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Julia Porter Dwight 1832

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Sophia Dwight Foster Burnside (1787-1871) c 1830

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Lydia Stiles (1806-1887) c. 1825

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1775-1838) c 1825

Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1807-72) c 1837
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Wednesday, February 16, 2011

1830s American Woman with a locket


Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) was a painter active in Ohio and New York for about a decade between 1835 and 1844.

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Unknown Lady Wearing a Locket Miniature


Monday, February 14, 2011

Visiting After Church

.Edward Lamson Henry (American Painter, 1841-1919) A Chat After Meeting 1871
Edward Lamson Henry (1841–1919) was an American genre painter born in Charleston, South Carolina who came to live in New York at an early age. As a painter of early American life, he displays a quaint humour. Henry acquired an extensive collection of antiques, old photos, & assorted Americana, from which he researched his paintings. His wife Frances said that "Nothing annoyed him more than to see a wheel, a bit of architecture etc. carelessly drawn or out of keeping with the time it was supposed to portray.”
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Sunday, February 13, 2011

On Bathing & Excercise for the 1891 American Girl

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From the 1891 Godey’s Lady’s Book, alternatively known as Godey’s Magazine and Lady’s Book, a monthly magazine published in Philadelphia.

The Toilet by Olivia Phillips
THE BATH AND EXERCISE.

THE first duty of a young girl is to be in health.

I should say the first duty of everyone is to follow such courses in living, that the greatest and best health may be enjoyed.

To be perfectly well, and in the fullest enjoyment of all our faculties,both mental and physical,one must have an abundance of pure air and water, articles cheap and plentiful, and to be had for the asking.

In starting out to build a house, one begins, of course, at the foundation—in attempting to make oneself healthy and beautiful, we must follow the builder’s example.

It is a conceded fact that paper and paint, although for a season they might beautify an old building, could never give strength or comeliness to its foundation.

All the cosmetics in the land applied to an unclean or uncared-for body, only make the imperfections greater and the wearer an object of ridicule.

Let us then begin at the foundation of health and beauty, and knowing that “cleanliness is next to godliness”—let us purify ourselves, if need be.

“How often shall I bathe?” seems to some a useless and unnecessary question, yet many there be who need instruction concerning the bath.

Bathe every day, the body needs the rest and refreshment of water, as much as the face and hands. There would be fewer colds and less sickness, during our winter months even, if the daily bath were more popular.

A clear and pure complexion, even in the plainest women, is one of her greatest charms, and to insure a clear complexion the blood must be carefully cleansed, and water and out-door exercise are the two greatest purifiers.

In the cold weather a warm sponge bath, followed by careful rubbing and sure drying, just before retiring, is refreshing and in many instances a cure for insomnia. If one is careful there is no danger of taking cold.

In the warm summer days, the morning bath is one of the delights of living.

In the morning or at night, try which suits you best—use your own commonsense—a hot bath for some, a cold bath for others, whichever you can stand, but let your bath be as regular as the sun’s rising, if you desire a clear and beautiful skin.

Turkish baths, if convenient, do much toward purifying the skin, and starting the blood in strong currents through all the smaller veins.

So many fancy soaps are thrown upon the market that one is bewildered which of them to choose.

A friend’s experience amused me greatly, on being asked which was her favorite soap, she replied:

“Oh! I haven’t any. I bought a box of Pear’s soap and used that, then I tried cashmere bouquet, then Coudray’s lettuce soap—after that Colgate’s turtle oil, and almond soap. Now, I’m using white rose. I don’t see any difference. I like them all, but nothing will make my face white.”

Poor girl! Her face must have had a marvelous constitution to stand the wear and tear of such treatment.

I agree with my friend. They are all excellent soaps, but it is best to choose one kind, which agrees with your skin,and stick to that kind, for many changes are very injurious.

Some may ask “are the scented soaps pure and desirable for the bath—is not Castile better?”

The soaps made by reliable houses areas pure as they can be.

Our own American soaps are very fine, and compare favorably with the imported soaps, and are less expensive.

Castile is a desirable soap to have on hand, but for my part I prefer the scented soaps, of the best makes. They leave a pleasant and refreshing oder, which is by no means unpleasant.

But in this, as in many respects, one must follow her own taste.

In using soap, be sure that every bit of the lather is carefully rinsed off.

A little ammonia in the daily bath, about a gill to a pailful, makes a pleasant solution, and has a beneficial effect.

Rose water and glycerine, too, has a tendency to soften, and still give tone and smoothness to the skin.

A spoonful of ammonia in a bowl of water, and used every morning to bathe the arm-pits and the feet, will destroy the disagreeable oder which is so annoying.

Towels should receive our attention and care. A fine, soft, damask towel for the face is best, and the face should be dried by patting it, and not scrubbing it as you would other parts of the body.

It is a good plan to buy Turkish toweling by the yards and make them into towels almost as large as small sheets.

The women of Constantinople have immense towels which envelop the body, and dry it at once, so preventing any possible cold.

OUT-DOOR EXERCISE
Next in importance to the bath is out-door exercise, sunlight and air—pure air.

The young need physical movement, plenty of laughing and good times, and all the innocent jollities of life tend to make the blood flow faster through each vein and artery, and keep the wrinkles from our faces.

An English woman is more beautiful than a French woman, and why?

Because of her out-door life. The English children are constantly in the open air—they do not dine with their parents, they eat no sweetmeats.

We Americans might learn much from the English if we would.

Taine, in his English notes, says:

“In spite of the perpetual fogs—rain nearly every day and the most execrable walking—the English ladies walk. Look at the foot-covering of the ladies! Their boots are as large as the men’s, their feet like water-men—their gait is in keeping.”

The American girl must walk—if she would be healthy and beautiful too, she must not dress herself in stylish array and promenade the crowded and fashionable thoroughfares, filled with rattling carts and the rasping cry of the street venders.

Seek out some quiet and beautiful street, as far from noise and confusion as you can get; and with head erect, shoulders back, feet encased in comfortable common-sense shoes, give yourself up to the beauties of the hour—take God’s pure air into your lungs, and gather health and beauty with every breathing.

Don’t be afraid of the sun and sunlight—when obliged to stay in-doors, take your sewing, your reading or whatever you must do to the sunniest window, let its warm rays fall full upon you and give you strength and beauty.
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Thursday, February 10, 2011

19th-Century American Women by Erastus Salisbury Field 1805-1900

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Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Maryette Field Marsh 1836

Erastus Salisbury Field was born in Leverett, Massachusettes on May 19, 1805 and died there on June 28, 1900. He studied with Samuel F. B. Morse in New York during the winter of 1824-5.

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs Dyer, from Somerville, MA.

On his return to Leverett, he painted his earliest known work, a portrait of his grandmother Elizabeth Billings Ashley. He began his career as an itinerant portrait painter in 1826, with most of his commissions coming through a network of family associations in western Massachusetts and Connecticut.

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Sophia Sanford Johnson 1835

His portraits between 1836-40 are considered his best. From 1841 he lived mainly in New York, where he expanded his subject-matter to include landscapes and American history pictures.


Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Susan Cowee Doty Joslin from Wesminister MA.

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Julia Ann Adams Peck 1843

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lauriette Ashley Adams Peck 1843

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lady Holding Sheet Music

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs Pearce 1835

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Elizabeth Bullings Ashley

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lady of Squire Williams House

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lady with a Yellow Ribbon

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs. Harlow A. Pease, c 1837

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs. Paul Smith Palmer and Her Twins, c 1835

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Persis Russell Montague (1765-1851) c 1836

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Portrait of a Woman 1833

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Portrait of a Woman said to be Clarissa Gallond Cook c 1838

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Wife of Man with Vial, c 1827

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Woman Holding a Book, c. 1835

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Woman with Green Book c 1836

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900)
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