Ex-slave Ellen Butler, about 78, Remembers Remembers 19C America
Ellen related, "Massa never 'lowed us slaves go to church but they have big holes in the fields they gits down in and prays. They done that way 'cause the white folks didn't want them to pray. They used to pray for freedom." Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves. Photo from 20th century.