Monday, July 29, 2013

Everyday Life in 19th-Century America


William Hahn (American artist, 1829–1887) The Convalescent


Luca Sacco (American artist, 1858–1912) The Fortune Teller


Louis Lang (Amreican artist, 1814–1893) Women's Art Class


John Carlin (American artist, 1813–1891) After a Long Cruise


Henry Bebie (Amerian artist, 1824–1888) The Sun


Henry Bebie (Amerian artist, 1824–1888) Conversation Group of Baltimore Girls


George Whiting Flagg (American painter, 1816–1897) The Chess Players


Albertus Del Orient Browere (American artist, 1814–1887) Goldminers


Albertus Del Orient Browere (American artist, 1814–1887) At Home.

Sunday, July 28, 2013

Women at Sunset


George Cochran Lambdin (1830-1896) Sunset Musings 1887


Henry Inman (1801-1846) Mrs Robert Lowden


George Cooke (1793–1849) Mrs Robert Donaldson (Susan Jane Gaston)

Henry Inman (1801-1846) Frances Kemble Butler


Henry Inman (1801-1846) Lady with a Mask 1841


Samuel F. B. Morse (1791–1872) Susan Walker Morse The Muse

Saturday, July 27, 2013

Comfort Dogs + a Few Hats by American artist Mary Cassatt (1844-1926)


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) The Girl Holding the Dog


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Woman By A Window Feeding Her Dog 1880


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Simone In A Large Plumed Hat Seated Holding A Griffon Dog


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Woman In Raspberry Costume Holding a Dog 1900


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Woman On A Striped With A Dog or Young Woman On A Striped Sofa With Her Dog


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) A Girl Holding the Dog


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Elsie Cassatt Holding a Big Dog 1880


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Sara in a Large Flowered Hat Looking Right Holding Her Dog 1901


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Marie Louise Durand Ruel 1911


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Sara With Her Dog in an Armchir Wearing a Bonnet with a Plum Ornament 1901


Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Young Girl at a Window 1883

Friday, July 26, 2013

On finding a wife in 1830s rural America


Women in the Backwoods

Friedrich Gerstäcker, the son of a celebrated opera singer, was born in Hamburg on May 6, 1816. Destined to see the world, he came at the age of 21 to New York in 1837 where he stayed for several months. He arrived in Arkansas in 1838.  The translation was recorded in the Pennsylvania German Society Series 14- Ebbes fer Alle- Ebbes fer Dich, Something for Everyone- Something for You, 1980. The following article on Women in the Backwoods was written for a German magazine in the mid 1840's.  When Arkansas became the 25th state on June 15, 1836, two percent of households were headed by women who had few legal rights, until the passage of the Married Woman's Property Law in 1835.

William Sidney Mount (American painter, 1807-1868) Cracking Nuts

On finding a wife in 1840s rural America

It was always interesting to me to see how the Americans "courted," and I will not forget a young man who took a wife in real American fashion.
 

Heinze - he was of German extraction - had worked hard and tirelessly to make a little piece of land arable, had built a good cabin, had split a few thousand fence rails so he could enclose a second field, had planted a small peach orchard, and had procured as fine a stock of chickens and young pigs as could be found in Arkansas. The natural consequence was that all the neighbors firmly asserted that Heinze was tired of bachelor housekeeping and wanted to get married. Despite all the gibes of his friends, however, he denied that this was at all certain and allowed that he "still had time to think about marrying." But this was not completely accurate. One morning in the middle of the week Heinze began with unusual zeal to black his Sunday boots and brush his blue wool coat with the shiny buttons.
 

His old father, who dwelt in the house jointly with Heinze, wondered. "Sonny," he said, "what's got into you, that you're putting on your Sunday-go-to-meeting clothes on Thursday? Surely you're not going to do some courting?"

"Don't be silly," answered Heinze, brushing all the more briskly on his very dirty coat collar. "I'm going over to the new settlers to see a few cows I might buy."
 

"Hm-m-m!" The old man shook his head, while his son took the piece of bearskin from the saddle and in its place threw across a delicately tanned lambskin that was used only on rare occasions. The father's supposition turned to certainty when his son, right there in the middle of the week, while looking into the piece of mirror that he had never needed for shaving, combed his hair. Soon after he had finished his toilette, he went away whistling with his horse at the trot.

The old man's suspicion was well founded. Heinze didn't go near the new settlers, but took the road down to the river, and after a three-mile ride reached a neighbor who had two very pretty daughters and, in addition, a very respectable property. He had not firmly decided which of the two girls he would ask for, and was leaving this completely to chance. He got down from the horse, which began to graze quietly, and went into the house.


It was still early in the day and he found both maidens busy with their housework; the eldest was churning and the youngest was spinning, while the mother sat at the loom and made the shuttle fly busily back and forth. After the friendly greeting, Heinze backed a chair up to the fireplace and began to turn his hat around between his knees.


"Have you already planted your corn this year, Mr. Heinze?" asked the mother.


''I'm going to start right away, Ma'am," said Heinze.


"It's a dry spring this year." "Very dry."


"How's your father?"


"He's kicking about, thank you."


"Don't you think it will rain today?"


Here the conversation broke off, and Heinze twisted and turned his felt between his fingers in a truly inhumane way. The oldest daughter: tried a few times to start up some talk, but it was in vain. Heinze answered everything as tersely as possible, and fell back into his meditations. Finally noontime neared, the table was set, and food was brought out. The visitor stood, smoothed his hat, and said "Goodbye to you-all!"


Won't you eat with us, Mr. Heinze?" "Got nothing against it,'' Heinze answered, quietly turning around. He put his· hat under his chair and plunged straight off into some fried bacon and a dish of potatoes.


The food was cleared away, the women again took up their occupations, and evening approached. Bur the probable suitor still sat stock-still in his chair and looked searchingly but sidewise now at the eldest, now at the youngest daughter. The girls, who had long since noticed the glances of their suitor,·could hardly suppress their laughter.


Finally their father came in from the woods leading a few cows. He walked into the room, greeted the guest, and sat down next to him. Heinze now thawed a little and became more talkative, but still did not speak freely. He let himself be invited to the evening meal before he allowed that he ought to fodder and saddle his horse, and repeatedly asserted that he had to ride home at once. But the oncoming darkness and a threatening storm made any discussion of this useless, and without further invitation Heinze now carried the saddle into the house and tied the pony fast to a trough.

As soon as the storm was over, everybody sought a bed, and the suitor too found himself stretched out under the woolen covers. The whole family, including the guest, slept in one room. On the next morning, before it was yet quite light, the two maidens rose, heated the coffee, milked the cows, and brought out the breakfast of bacon and cornbread.


Now Heinze became restless, and the words lay on his tongue for asking the question about one of the daughters, but he could not utter them. The old man, to whom the mother had imparted her suspicions, noticed that. So, to spare the poor devil such an embarrassment, he took Heinze by a button, led him just outside the door, and there told him that both his daughters were already promised and on the following Sunday would both be married at the same time.


Heinze said only the one word - "Singular!" He pressed his hat harder down on his forehead, shook the old man's hand, asked him to bring his saddle out of the house, and ten minutes later was on his way home.


But he had used up a whole day, during planting time at that, and for this reason must not return home without having accomplished his mission. So when he rode by another little cabin, in which lived likewise a young but very poor maiden, he went in and finished his business in· an hour and a half. He quickly got the consent of parents and daughter, who knew him as a hardworking fellow. Four hours later he was walking in shirt sleeves behind the pIows on his own land, making furrows for planting corn, and eight days afterwards he rode with his bride to the Justice of the Peace and left as a married man.


Thursday, July 25, 2013

1832 Views of Cincinnati, Ohio by New Orleans artist Adrien Mayers (? 1801–1833)


1832 View of Mr Pendelton's House near Cincinnati Ohio by Adrien Mayers (? 1801–1833)


1832 View of Mr Pendelton's House near Cincinnati Ohio by Adrien Mayers (? 1801–1833)


Although there is no way to prove that this is the painter we are studying here, on the web this notation about the dispersal of property after death appears in New Orleans, Louisiana, records.  "Court of Probates - Sale by the Register of Wills. - On Thursday the 7th day of November, 1833, at 10 o'clock in the morning, I will expose for sale for the amount of the succession of  the late Adrien Mayers, at the late domicile of the deceased, in Chartres street, between Toulouse and Jefferson streets, the contents of his store, consisting of Pictures, Engravings, sets of China ware, and other fancy articles."  Courrier de la Louisiane, November 4, 1833, p. 3. Nouvelle-Orléans (New Orleans, La.)


1832 Cincinatti Ohio by Adrien Mayers (? 1801–1833)


1832) View of Cincinatti Ohio from Mr Pendelton's House by Adrien Mayers (? 1801–1833)


1832) View of Cincinatti, Ohio Near Deer Creek by Adrien Mayers (? 1801–1833)


1832 View of Cincinatti, Covington, and Newport by Adrien Mayers (? 1801–1833)

Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Rural 19th-Century America by Eastman Johnson (1824-1906)


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) was an American painter who helped establish the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Best known for his genre paintings of scenes from everyday life, he also painted portraits of the famous & not so famous.

Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) The Girl I Left Behind Me


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Dinah 1866-69


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) A Ride for Freedom The Fugitive Slaves 1862


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) A Day Dream 1877


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) An Earnest Pupil 1881


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) At the Camp Spinning Yarns and Whittling c 1864-66


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Catching Up on the News


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Corn Husking


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Cranberry Pickers 1879


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Feather Duster Boy 1880


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Gathering Lilies 1865


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Husking Bee Nantucket 1876


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Ice Skater 1879


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) In the Hay Loft 1877


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Interior of a Farm House in Maine 1865


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Kitchen at Mount Vernon 1857


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Man With a Scythe 1868


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Measurement and Contemplation 1861-63


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Musical Instrument c 1860


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Negro Boy 1860


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Ruth c 1880


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Sarah May Girl in the Barn 1877-80


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Setting the Trap


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) The Card Players 1853


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) The Confab


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) The Conversation (at Cranberry Harvest) 1879


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) The Little Convalescent c 1872


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) The Lord Is My Shepherd 1863


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) The Young Sweep 1863


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Mother and Child


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  At the Maple Suger Camp


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Barefoot Boy 1860


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Bo Peep


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Feeding the Turkey


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Boy in Maine Woods


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Dropping Off


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Feeding the Lamb


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Fiddling his Way


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Sunday Morning


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Camp Scene 1857


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Lunchtime


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Five Boys on Wall


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Man with a Pipe


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  New Bonnet


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Street Musicians


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  In the Fields


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  In the Fields


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Life in the South


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Lighting his Pipe


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Sugering Off at Camp Maine


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Sunday Morn


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Winnowing Grain


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Old Mount Vernon 1857


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Sleigh Ride


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Woman on a Hill


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  The Counterfitters


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Young Musicians


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Union Soldiers Accepting Drink


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  The Eavesdropper


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Turning Off Camp in Maine


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Woman Reading


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906) Scholar


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Girl and Pets 1856


Eastman Johnson (American painter, 1824-1906)  Hollyhocks