Monday, October 25, 2021

19th-Century American Women by Erastus Salisbury Field 1805-1900

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Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Maryette Field Marsh 1836

Erastus Salisbury Field was born in Leverett, Massachusettes on May 19, 1805 and died there on June 28, 1900. He studied with Samuel F. B. Morse in New York during the winter of 1824-5.Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs Dyer, from Somerville, MA.
On his return to Leverett, he painted his earliest known work, a portrait of his grandmother Elizabeth Billings Ashley. He began his career as an itinerant portrait painter in 1826, with most of his commissions coming through a network of family associations in western Massachusetts and Connecticut.
Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Sophia Sanford Johnson 1835
His portraits between 1836-40 are considered his best. From 1841 he lived mainly in New York, where he expanded his subject-matter to include landscapes and American history pictures.

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Susan Cowee Doty Joslin from Wesminister MA.

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Julia Ann Adams Peck 1843
Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lauriette Ashley Adams Peck 1843
Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lady Holding Sheet Music
Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs Pearce 1835

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Elizabeth Bullings Ashley

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lady of Squire Williams House

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Lady with a Yellow Ribbon

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs. Harlow A. Pease, c 1837

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Mrs. Paul Smith Palmer and Her Twins, c 1835

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Persis Russell Montague (1765-1851) c 1836

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Portrait of a Woman 1833

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Portrait of a Woman said to be Clarissa Gallond Cook c 1838

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Wife of Man with Vial, c 1827

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Woman Holding a Book, c. 1835

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900) Woman with Green Book c 1836

Erastus Salisbury Field (American artist, 1805-1900)
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Saturday, October 23, 2021

On Bathing & Excercise for the 1891 American Girl

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From the 1891 Godey’s Lady’s Book, alternatively known as Godey’s Magazine and Lady’s Book, a monthly magazine published in Philadelphia.

The Toilet by Olivia Phillips
THE BATH AND EXERCISE.

THE first duty of a young girl is to be in health.

I should say the first duty of everyone is to follow such courses in living, that the greatest and best health may be enjoyed.

To be perfectly well, and in the fullest enjoyment of all our faculties,both mental and physical,one must have an abundance of pure air and water, articles cheap and plentiful, and to be had for the asking.

In starting out to build a house, one begins, of course, at the foundation—in attempting to make oneself healthy and beautiful, we must follow the builder’s example.

It is a conceded fact that paper and paint, although for a season they might beautify an old building, could never give strength or comeliness to its foundation.

All the cosmetics in the land applied to an unclean or uncared-for body, only make the imperfections greater and the wearer an object of ridicule.

Let us then begin at the foundation of health and beauty, and knowing that “cleanliness is next to godliness”—let us purify ourselves, if need be.

“How often shall I bathe?” seems to some a useless and unnecessary question, yet many there be who need instruction concerning the bath.

Bathe every day, the body needs the rest and refreshment of water, as much as the face and hands. There would be fewer colds and less sickness, during our winter months even, if the daily bath were more popular.

A clear and pure complexion, even in the plainest women, is one of her greatest charms, and to insure a clear complexion the blood must be carefully cleansed, and water and out-door exercise are the two greatest purifiers.

In the cold weather a warm sponge bath, followed by careful rubbing and sure drying, just before retiring, is refreshing and in many instances a cure for insomnia. If one is careful there is no danger of taking cold.

In the warm summer days, the morning bath is one of the delights of living.

In the morning or at night, try which suits you best—use your own commonsense—a hot bath for some, a cold bath for others, whichever you can stand, but let your bath be as regular as the sun’s rising, if you desire a clear and beautiful skin.

Turkish baths, if convenient, do much toward purifying the skin, and starting the blood in strong currents through all the smaller veins.

So many fancy soaps are thrown upon the market that one is bewildered which of them to choose.

A friend’s experience amused me greatly, on being asked which was her favorite soap, she replied:

“Oh! I haven’t any. I bought a box of Pear’s soap and used that, then I tried cashmere bouquet, then Coudray’s lettuce soap—after that Colgate’s turtle oil, and almond soap. Now, I’m using white rose. I don’t see any difference. I like them all, but nothing will make my face white.”

Poor girl! Her face must have had a marvelous constitution to stand the wear and tear of such treatment.

I agree with my friend. They are all excellent soaps, but it is best to choose one kind, which agrees with your skin,and stick to that kind, for many changes are very injurious.

Some may ask “are the scented soaps pure and desirable for the bath—is not Castile better?”

The soaps made by reliable houses areas pure as they can be.

Our own American soaps are very fine, and compare favorably with the imported soaps, and are less expensive.

Castile is a desirable soap to have on hand, but for my part I prefer the scented soaps, of the best makes. They leave a pleasant and refreshing oder, which is by no means unpleasant.

But in this, as in many respects, one must follow her own taste.

In using soap, be sure that every bit of the lather is carefully rinsed off.

A little ammonia in the daily bath, about a gill to a pailful, makes a pleasant solution, and has a beneficial effect.

Rose water and glycerine, too, has a tendency to soften, and still give tone and smoothness to the skin.

A spoonful of ammonia in a bowl of water, and used every morning to bathe the arm-pits and the feet, will destroy the disagreeable oder which is so annoying.

Towels should receive our attention and care. A fine, soft, damask towel for the face is best, and the face should be dried by patting it, and not scrubbing it as you would other parts of the body.

It is a good plan to buy Turkish toweling by the yards and make them into towels almost as large as small sheets.

The women of Constantinople have immense towels which envelop the body, and dry it at once, so preventing any possible cold.

OUT-DOOR EXERCISE
Next in importance to the bath is out-door exercise, sunlight and air—pure air.

The young need physical movement, plenty of laughing and good times, and all the innocent jollities of life tend to make the blood flow faster through each vein and artery, and keep the wrinkles from our faces.

An English woman is more beautiful than a French woman, and why?

Because of her out-door life. The English children are constantly in the open air—they do not dine with their parents, they eat no sweetmeats.

We Americans might learn much from the English if we would.

Taine, in his English notes, says:

“In spite of the perpetual fogs—rain nearly every day and the most execrable walking—the English ladies walk. Look at the foot-covering of the ladies! Their boots are as large as the men’s, their feet like water-men—their gait is in keeping.”

The American girl must walk—if she would be healthy and beautiful too, she must not dress herself in stylish array and promenade the crowded and fashionable thoroughfares, filled with rattling carts and the rasping cry of the street venders.

Seek out some quiet and beautiful street, as far from noise and confusion as you can get; and with head erect, shoulders back, feet encased in comfortable common-sense shoes, give yourself up to the beauties of the hour—take God’s pure air into your lungs, and gather health and beauty with every breathing.

Don’t be afraid of the sun and sunlight—when obliged to stay in-doors, take your sewing, your reading or whatever you must do to the sunniest window, let its warm rays fall full upon you and give you strength and beauty.
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Tuesday, October 19, 2021

1830s American Woman with a Locket

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Unknown Lady Wearing a Locket.  Milton W. Hopkins was a painter active in Ohio and New York for about a decade between 1835 and 1844.

Sunday, October 17, 2021

Friday, October 15, 2021

American Women in Miniatures by Sarah & Eliza Goodridge Goodrich (1788-1853)

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self-Portrait c 1825
Miniaturitst Sarah Goodridge (or sometimes Goodrich, 1788-1853) was born the 6th of 9 children in Massachusetts in 1788. It is said that as a child, she came across a book on drawing & painting & taught herself to draw. Growing up on a farm, with little money to buy paper, she drew her earliest pictures on the sanded kitchen floor with a stick or on sheets of peeled birch bark with a pin. Sarah's younger sister Eliza Goodridge (1798-1882) also painted miniatures.
Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self Portrait 1830
After the death of their father, Sarah moved to Boston, to live with her sister Eliza. There Sarah was able to expand her birch-bark-beginning by taking a few lessons from a miniaturist & by visiting portraitist Gilbert Stuart for advice. She soon began earning a living by painting miniature portraits. By 1830, Sarah Goodridge was a leading miniaturist in Boston, completing up to 3 portraits a week; supporting her sick mother & her orphaned niece; & maintianing a studio there. The Boston Athenaeum held 5 exhibitions of her work between 1827 & 1835. She never married, but she had an intimate, influential friend.
Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Daniel Webster 1825
She developed an ongoing love relationship with Boston lawyer & politician Daniel Webster (1782-1852), who was married with 3 children, when she painted his 1st portrait. He returned to sit for 12 more portraits over the next 25 years. Their friendship is documented in 44 letters that Webster wrote to Goodridge between 1827 & 1851. She carefully preserved his letters to her; he destroyed her letters to him. His first wife, Grace, died in January, 1828; & he married Caroline LeRoy in December, 1829. In 1850, due to failing eyesight, Sarah Goodridge retired to a house she bought in Reading, Massachusetts. Three years later she died of a stroke at the age of 65. Her sister Eliza lived until 1882.
Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self Portrait Painting a Miniature 1845
Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Girl Called Persis, 
Child of Mrs Solomon Sargent
Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Sarah Appleton with Cat
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Lydia Stiles Foster (1806-87) c 1838
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1807-1872) c 1825
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Stiles Newcomb (1807-1872) c 1840
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Rebecca Faulkner Foster (1761-1834) c 1830
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Julia Porter Dwight 1832
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Sophia Dwight Foster Burnside (1787-1871) c 1830
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Lydia Stiles (1806-1887) c. 1825
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1775-1838) c 1825
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1807-72) c 1837.

Wednesday, October 13, 2021

A Few Portraits of Women by Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885)

Sarah Miriam Peale was a daughter of artist James Peale, brother of artist Charles Willson Peale, who both taught her to paint. As a young girl, she assisted her father & her sister, Anna Claypoole Peale, with fabric painting of shawls.
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Artist's Self-Portrait 1818 Detail

Sarah Miriam Peale started her solo art career in 1816, with still life subjects but soon turned to portraiture, which brought her lifelong acclaim. Lafayette sat for her 4 times.
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Anna Maria Smyth 1821

In 1818 & 1820, she spent time in Baltimore with Rembrandt Peale, her cousin, who influenced both her painting style & choice of subject matter. For 25 years, she painted in Baltimore (1822-47) & intermittently, in Washington, D.C.
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Cornelia Mandeville 1830

She lived & painted in St. Louis, Missouri, for about 30 years (1847-77); but returned to Philadelphia, where she died in 1885. Sarah Miriam Peale never married & supported herself with sale of her paintings.
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Eleanor Smith Gittings, c. 1830
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Mrs William Crane 1840
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Mrs. Charles Ridgely Carroll 
(Rebecca Ann Pue) 1822
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Mrs. Rubens Peale and Son, 1823
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Patience Cole Cortland c 1840
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Self-Portrait 1830
Sarah Miriam Peale (American painter, 1800-1885) Veiled Woman 1830

Saturday, October 9, 2021

American Folk Art - Quirky Portraits of Early 19C American Women

Almira Wheaton (American, 1804-1881)  Lady in a Straw Hat 1824-1825

Several New England artists shared a unique painting style during the 1820s-30s. Women depicted by these artists exhibit several similar characteristics - pale, sculptural faces; prominent thin, delicately arched eyebrows; small bowed mouths; & elaborate classical Greek hairstyles of tight curls intertwined with jewelry, flowers, & other adornments.  The paintings are usually watercolors.  The artists paint strong features, sharply defined, with arched, curved eyebrows.  The watercolors are similar to fashion plates appearing in magazines such as Ackerman’s Repository of Arts, Literature, Commerce, Manufactures, Fashions & Politics, published in London in 1809 through 1829.
Almira Wheaton (American artist, 1804-1881)  The first with label on reverse inscribed "Painted or drawn/ by Almira Wheaton Saben/ my great grandmother."

I can only find 2 paintings by Almira Wheaton Saben, who appears in the 1860 US census, she was then living in Winchester, Cheshire County, New Hampshire. She was born September 9, 1804 in Vermont. Her father was Reuben Wheaton. She married Mowry Saben (1801-1880) on February 5, 1835, in Winchester, Cheshire County, New Hampshire. She died there on May 11, 1881. She had 6 children between 1835 and 1844. All of them died by 1845. After that she had 2 children, Levi born in 1844-1912, and Mary born in 1847-1926. Son Levi married Mary A Tolman on January 1, 1869. They had a son Alfred Levi Saben in December of 1869-1930, a son Delano Mowry Saben in 1879-1947, & a daughter Laura Emma in 1882-1964.